Archive for the ‘Medicine’ Category
Some time ago, Dr. Elzbieta Ulanowska published an article in our “Forum” on the enormous contribution of Polish mathematicians in the victory over the Bolsheviks in 1920. Let me only remind readers that the Polish mathematicians deciphered the code used by the Red Army, so all the moves of the Red Army’s divisions were well known to the Polish leadership.
Many of us remember another, better known event in this history, when, again, Polish mathematicians played the main role. This is the Enigma Secret. And here’s how it all started. In 1927, or at the beginning of 1928, an innocent package has arrived from the German Reich at a customs office in Warsaw. (more…)
In ancient ages, obese individual was considered sick. Hippocrates used to say that a fat man should eat modestly and walk long distances. In the Middle Ages, obesity was a sing of prosperity and wealthy life….but was very uncommon. Currently, obesity is again seen as a disease. Diabetes, hypertension, heart attack, acid reflux, back and joint pain, cancer and many other disorders are more often recognized in obese people.
Obesity became epidemic in the United States in recent years. Every forth adult and every sixths child suffers from being fat. Five percent of Americans is morbidly obese, which means their life is at risk. Forty five percent of adult Americans were obese in 1980, while presently this number increased to sixty five percent. 120 billion US dollars is spent yearly to treat obesity-related diseases.
When plastic surgery comes to mind, people normally think of some minor improvements in the overall appearance. We recognize that the surgeon can improve the shape of our nose, and make our face look better. However, in more serious situations when the face has been badly deformed as a result of illness or accident, the plastic surgery quickly reaches its limits. Apparently, the skin that covers our face differs from the skin that covers other parts of our body. The skin on our face is much more elastic, it lends itself to all sorts of stretches by all sorts of facial muscles that are responsible for very diverse functions such as eating, talking, and eye blinking, or mimicking to express emotions. Transplants of skin from other parts of the body may result in immovability or twitch of that part of the face. With respect to the eye or mouth areas such impediment poses not only an esthetic problem, but also a health hazard. Thus, a question arises whether skin from another person’s face can be transplanted? (more…)